Argumentation Schemes. History, Classifications, and Computational Applications

Macagno, F., Walton, D. & Reed, C. (2017). Argumentation Schemes. History, Classifications, and Computational Applications. Journal of Logics and their Applications 4(8): 2493-2556

64 Pages Posted: 28 Dec 2017

See all articles by Fabrizio Macagno

Fabrizio Macagno

Universidade Nova de Lisboa

Douglas Walton

University of Windsor

Chris Reed

University of Dundee - School of Computing

Date Written: December 23, 2017

Abstract

Argumentation schemes can be described as abstract structures representing the most generic types of argument, constituting the building blocks of the ones used in everyday reasoning. This paper investigates the structure, classification, and uses of such schemes. Three goals are pursued: 1) to describe the schemes, showing how they evolved and how they have been classified in the traditional and the modern theories; 2) to propose a method for classifying them based on ancient and modern developments; and 3) to outline and show how schemes can be used to describe and analyze or produce real arguments. To this purpose, we will build on the traditional distinctions for building a dichotomic classification of schemes, and we will advance a modular approach to argument analysis, in which different argumentation schemes are combined together in order to represent each step of reasoning on which a complex argument relies. Finally, we will show how schemes are applied to formal systems, focusing on their applications to Artificial Intelligence, AI & Law, argument mining, and formal ontologies.

Suggested Citation

Macagno, Fabrizio and Walton, Douglas and Reed, Chris, Argumentation Schemes. History, Classifications, and Computational Applications (December 23, 2017). Macagno, F., Walton, D. & Reed, C. (2017). Argumentation Schemes. History, Classifications, and Computational Applications. Journal of Logics and their Applications 4(8): 2493-2556. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3092491

Fabrizio Macagno (Contact Author)

Universidade Nova de Lisboa ( email )

Av. Berna 26 I&D Building, office 4.02
Lisbon, 1069-061
Portugal

HOME PAGE: http://fabriziomacagno.altervista.org/

Douglas Walton

University of Windsor ( email )

401 Sunset Avenue
Windsor, Ontario N9B 3P4
Canada

Chris Reed

University of Dundee - School of Computing ( email )

Dundee DD1 4HN
United Kingdom

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