Education Effects on Days Hospitalized and Days Out of Work by Gender: Evidence from Turkey

42 Pages Posted: 27 Dec 2017

See all articles by Aysit Tansel

Aysit Tansel

Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Halil Keskin

Cukurova University

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The strong relationship between various health indicators and education is widely documented. However, the studies that investigate the nature of causality between these variables became available only recently and provide evidence mostly from developed countries. We add to this literature by studying the causal effect of education on days hospitalized and days out of work for health reasons. We consider two educational reforms. One is the educational expansion of the early 1960s and the other is the 1997 increase in compulsory level of schooling from five to eight years. However, due to the possibility of weak instruments we do not further pursue this avenue. We focus on individuals in two cohorts namely, 1945–1965 which is an older cohort and 1980–1980 which is a younger cohort. We estimate Tobit models as well as Double Hurdle models. The results suggest that an increase in years of education causes to reduce the number of days hospitalized for both men and women unambiguously and the number of days out of work only for men while an increase in education increases the number of days out of work for a randomly selected women.

Keywords: education, days hospitalized, days out of work, education reform, Tobit model, double hurdle model, gender, Turkey

JEL Classification: I15, I26, J16, J18, C34, C36

Suggested Citation

Tansel, Aysit and Keskin, Halil Ibrahim, Education Effects on Days Hospitalized and Days Out of Work by Gender: Evidence from Turkey. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11210. Available at SSRN:

Aysit Tansel (Contact Author)

Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics ( email )

Inonu Bulvari
Ankara 06800
90 312 210 2073 (Phone)
90 312 210 7964 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

Economic Research Forum (ERF) ( email )

21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St.
(P.O. Box: 12311)
Dokki, Cairo

Halil Ibrahim Keskin

Cukurova University ( email )

Saricam ilcesi
Adana, Adana 01330

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