Can Community Development Improve Health? Emerging Opportunities for Collaboration between the Health and Community Development Sectors
24 Pages Posted: 3 Jan 2018
Date Written: 2017-12-01
The two sectors of community development and health have long worked in the same neighborhoods, but they have not always worked together. This is starting to change, due in part to a growing recognition among health experts of the social, economic, and environmental factors that drive health outcomes. These social determinants of health have become the basis for new collaborations between community development and health professionals. This paper introduces professionals in both sectors to this emerging area of practice through a series of case studies of innovators in the southeastern United States. Case studies look at ways to bring housing and health professionals together, opportunities to leverage community development finance tools, and efforts to use Pay for Success to improve Medicaid spending. This discussion paper reviews early lessons on how to build a successful health and community development partnership, including an examination of the incentives for community developers, health professionals, state and local governments, and philanthropy to participate in these collaborations.
Keywords: social determinants of health, affordable housing, health and housing, community development financial institutions, Medicaid
JEL Classification: I11, I14, L31, P46, R51, Z18
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