Management of Renewable Energies and Environmental Protection

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 919-948, 2017; DOI:10.3844/ajeassp.2017.919.948

30 Pages Posted: 10 Jun 2019 Last revised: 2 Jul 2019

See all articles by Relly Victoria Petrescu

Relly Victoria Petrescu

Polytechnic University of Bucharest - ARoTMM-IFToMM

Raffaella Aversa

Advanced Material Lab - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design

Antonio Apicella

Advanced Material Lab - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design

Samuel Kozaitis

Florida Institute of Technology

Taher Abu-Lebdeh

North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University

Florian Ion Petrescu

Polytechnic University of Bucharest - ARoTMM-IFToMM

Date Written: December 23, 2017

Abstract

The purpose of this project is to present an overview of renewable energy sources, major technological developments and case studies, accompanied by applicable examples of the use of sources. Renewable energy is the energy that comes from natural resources: The wind, sunlight, rain, sea waves, tides, geothermal heat, regenerated naturally, automatically. Greenhouse gas emissions pose a serious threat to climate change, with potentially disastrous effects on humanity. The use of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) together with improved Energy Efficiency (EE) can contribute to reducing energy consumption, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and, as a consequence, preventing dangerous climate change. At least one-third of global energy must come from different renewable sources by 2050: The wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, tidal, wave, biomass, etc. Oil and natural gas, classical sources of energy, have fluctuating developments on the international market. A second significant aspect is given by the increasingly limited nature of oil resources. It seems that this energy source will be exhausted in about 50 years from the consumption of oil reserves in exploitation or prospecting. "Green" energy is at the fingertips of both economic operators and individuals. In fact, an economic operator can use such a system for both own consumption and energy trading on the domestic energy market. The high cost of deploying these systems is generally depreciated in about 5-10 years, depending on the installed production capacity. The "sustainability" condition is met when projects based on renewable energy have a negative CO2 or at least neutral CO2 over the life cycle. Emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) are one of the environmental criteria included in a sustainability analysis, but is not enough. The concept of sustainability must also include in the assessment various other aspects, such as environmental, cultural, health, but must also integrate economic aspects. Renewable energy generation in a sustainable way is a challenge that requires compliance with national and international regulations. Energy independence can be achieved: - Large scale (for communities); - small-scale (for individual houses, vacation homes or cabins without electrical connection).

Note: © 2017 Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Antonio Apicella, Samuel Kozaitis, Taher Abu-Lebdeh and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Suggested Citation

Petrescu, Relly Victoria and Aversa, Raffaella and Apicella, Antonio and Kozaitis, Samuel and Abu-Lebdeh, Taher and Petrescu, Florian Ion, Management of Renewable Energies and Environmental Protection (December 23, 2017). American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 919-948, 2017; DOI:10.3844/ajeassp.2017.919.948. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3092613

Relly Victoria Petrescu

Polytechnic University of Bucharest - ARoTMM-IFToMM ( email )

Romania

Raffaella Aversa

Advanced Material Lab - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design ( email )

81031 Aversa (CE)
Italy

Antonio Apicella

Advanced Material Lab - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design ( email )

81031 Aversa (CE)
Italy

Samuel Kozaitis

Florida Institute of Technology ( email )

150 West University Blvd.
Melbourne, FL 32901-6975
United States

Taher Abu-Lebdeh

North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University ( email )

1601 E. Market St.
Greensboro, NC 27411
United States

Florian Ion Petrescu (Contact Author)

Polytechnic University of Bucharest - ARoTMM-IFToMM ( email )

Romania

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