Globalization and Terror in Africa

International Economics, 156 (December), pp. 86-97 (December, 2018).

27 Pages Posted: 30 Dec 2017 Last revised: 25 Nov 2018

See all articles by Simplice Asongu

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Nicholas Biekpe

University of Cape Town (UCT)

Date Written: December 23, 2017

Abstract

This study examines the role of globalization on terrorism in 51 African countries for the period 1996-2011. Four terrorism indicators are used, namely: domestic, transnational, unclear and total terrorism. Political, economic, social and general globalisation variables are employed and the empirical evidence is based on Fixed Effects regressions and Generalised Method of Moments (GMM). Whereas the FE regressions are overwhelmingly not significant, the following findings are established from GMM estimations. Political globalisation increases both domestic and transnational terrorism. Social globalisation and general globalisation increase transnational terrorism. Economic globalisation reduces domestic terrorism. Political globalisation, social globalisation and general globalization positively affect unclear terrorism. Social globalisation has a positive impact on total terrorism. Possible channels and policy implications are discussed.

Keywords: Terrorism; Globalization; Africa

JEL Classification: C52; D74; F30; F42; O55

Suggested Citation

Asongu, Simplice and Biekpe, Nicholas, Globalization and Terror in Africa (December 23, 2017). International Economics, 156 (December), pp. 86-97 (December, 2018).. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3092650

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Nicholas Biekpe

University of Cape Town (UCT) ( email )

Private Bag X3
Rondebosch, Western Cape 7701
South Africa

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