University Patenting and Technology Commercialization – Legal Frameworks and the Importance of Local Practice

21 Pages Posted: 29 Dec 2017

See all articles by Dagmara Weckowska

Dagmara Weckowska

University of Sussex - School of Business, Management and Economics

Jordi Molas‐Gallart

Polytechnic University of Valencia - INGENIO

Puay Tang

University of Sussex

David Twigg

SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research

Elena Castro‐Martínez

Polytechnic University of Valencia - INGENIO

Izabela Dabrowska

Bialystok University of Technology - Department of Management

Dirk Libaers

Northeastern University - Entrepreneurship and Innovation

Koenraad Debackere

KU Leuven - Faculty of Business and Economics (FEB)

Martin Meyer

University of Kent, Kent Business School

Date Written: January 2018

Abstract

The impact of national legislative frameworks on the higher education sector's contribution to technological innovation is heavily disputed. This paper argues that legislative frameworks may stimulate the development of local practices for the management and exploitation of intellectual property (IP), which in turn determine the level of academic patenting. We present case studies of two comparable universities in each of four selected European countries with different histories of national IP legislation. A within‐country analysis shows that a wider range and earlier development of local IP management and exploitation practices are accompanied by higher levels of academic patenting, and that increasing similarity of IP practices is associated with decreasing differences in patenting outputs. A preliminary cross‐country analysis reveals an expansion in and increasing similarity of practices for IP management and exploitation in countries with different national IP framework histories. We conclude that adopting Bayh‐Dole‐like legislation may trigger the development of local IP practices, which stimulate patenting. However, it is not always sufficient and definitely not always necessary. The study concludes with some policy recommendations.

Suggested Citation

Weckowska, Dagmara and Molas‐Gallart, Jordi and Tang, Puay and Twigg, David and Castro‐Martínez, Elena and Dabrowska, Izabela and Libaers, Dirk and Debackere, Koenraad and Meyer, Martin, University Patenting and Technology Commercialization – Legal Frameworks and the Importance of Local Practice (January 2018). R&D Management, Vol. 48, Issue 1, pp. 88-108, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3094114 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/radm.12123

Dagmara Weckowska (Contact Author)

University of Sussex - School of Business, Management and Economics ( email )

Falmer, Brighton BN1 9SL
United Kingdom

Jordi Molas‐Gallart

Polytechnic University of Valencia - INGENIO ( email )

Ciudad de la Innovacion
Camin de Vera
Valencia, Valencia 46022
Spain

Puay Tang

University of Sussex ( email )

Sussex House
Falmer
Brighton, Sussex BNI 9RH
United Kingdom

David Twigg

SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research

Freeman Centre
Falmer
Brighton, East Sussex BN1 9QE
United Kingdom

Elena Castro‐Martínez

Polytechnic University of Valencia - INGENIO ( email )

Ciudad de la Innovacion
Camin de Vera
Valencia, Valencia 46022
Spain

Izabela Dabrowska

Bialystok University of Technology - Department of Management ( email )

Wiejska 45A
Bialystok, 15-553
Poland

Dirk Libaers

Northeastern University - Entrepreneurship and Innovation ( email )

Boston, MA 02115
United States

Koenraad Debackere

KU Leuven - Faculty of Business and Economics (FEB) ( email )

Naamsestraat 69
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

Martin Meyer

University of Kent, Kent Business School ( email )

Canterbury, Kent CT2 7PE
United Kingdom

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