Own Experience Bias, Prejudice and Discrimination

36 Pages Posted: 4 Jan 2018

See all articles by Edward Cartwright

Edward Cartwright

De Montfort University

Myrna H. Wooders

Vanderbilt University - College of Arts and Science - Department of Economics

Date Written: August 1, 2017

Abstract

We develop a model with which to explore discrimination and prejudice within labor markets. Our approach emphasizes the role of an individual's own experience in the assessment of efforts of other individuals. Specifically, we consider a two stage process in which individuals first learn, through experience, whether effort is rewarded and then subsequently have to estimate the effort of others. Our theoretical results suggest that those who are not rewarded for high effort will underestimate the effort of other individuals while those for whom effort is rewarded will (slightly) overestimate the effort of others. We empirically test and confirm this prediction.

Keywords: Prejudice, Discrimination, Stereotyping, Identity, Own Experience Bias

JEL Classification: J71, D11, C91

Suggested Citation

Cartwright, Edward and Wooders, Myrna H., Own Experience Bias, Prejudice and Discrimination (August 1, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3095234 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3095234

Edward Cartwright (Contact Author)

De Montfort University ( email )

The Gateway
Leicester, LE1 9BH
United Kingdom

Myrna H. Wooders

Vanderbilt University - College of Arts and Science - Department of Economics ( email )

Box 1819 Station B
Nashville, TN 37235
United States

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