The Pains of Crimmigration Imprisonment: Perspectives from a Norwegian All-Foreign Prison
British Journal of Criminology DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azx067, Forthcoming
25 Pages Posted: 8 Jan 2018
Date Written: January 3, 2018
In the second part of his article on Scandinavian exceptionalism, John Pratt identified certain developments that might undermine the exceptional status of Scandinavian prisons and penal culture. A major problem looming on the horizon, according to Pratt, was the effects of globalization on Scandinavian societies. Since then, scholars have claimed that a bifurcation is emerging in the Norwegian correctional system, with humane and inclusive punishments reserved for nationals, while a more exclusionary alternative system is being developed to respond to the perceived challenge represented by foreign nationals. The opening of Norway’s first all-foreign prison in 2013 has been seen as part of this trend.
In this article, we describe three pains of imprisonment experienced by foreign national prisoners: those of:
(2) long-distance relationships; and
We argue that these are all specifically tied to the prison’s status as an all-foreign prison.
Keywords: all-foreign prisons, crimmigration prisons, foreign national prisoners, pains of imprisonment, Scandinavian prison exceptionalism, weight, depth, tightness and breadth of imprisonment.
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