An Islamic Approach to Inequality and Poverty

24 Pages Posted: 4 Jan 2018

See all articles by Asad Zaman

Asad Zaman

Quaid-i-Azam University - Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE)

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Date Written: January 3, 2018

Abstract

We argue that ways of thinking about poverty changed dramatically due to the Great Transformation in Europe which created a market society. These ways spread to the rest of world due to the colonization and global conquest of Europe. The market society requires a labor market which de-humanizes people turning them into commodities. This and other related changes in attitudes toward wealth and poverty are the sources of the difficulties created by poverty and inequality. An Islamic approach requires re-creation of society on the basis of generosity and cooperation, values which are antithetical to greed and competition, the basis of market societies. We sketch a three-dimensional approach to resolving problems created by inequalities and poverty, based on spiritual, social, and institutional components. In each area, the source materials of Islam and Islamic history provide ample guidance and precedent for a radically different approach to these problems.

Keywords: Poverty, Inequality, Islamic Economics, Polanyi

JEL Classification: P4, I3

Suggested Citation

Zaman, Asad, An Islamic Approach to Inequality and Poverty (January 3, 2018). Journal of King Abdulaziz University: Islamic Economics, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3096325

Asad Zaman (Contact Author)

Quaid-i-Azam University - Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE) ( email )

Quaid-i-Azam University Campus
P.O.Box 1091
Islamabad, Federal Capital 44000
Pakistan

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