Political Change and Informality: Evidence from the Arab Spring

51 Pages Posted: 8 Jan 2018

See all articles by Ahmed Elsayed

Ahmed Elsayed

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); ROA

Jackline Wahba

University of Southampton, Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This paper examines informality during the political and economic turmoil that accompanied the Arab Spring revolution in Egypt. The paper focuses on unprotected employment and the extent to which it changed by educational level right after the January Uprising of 2011. We find that over time and particularly after the revolution, informal employment has increased for both high- and low-educated workers however, through different paths: high educated were more likely to be stuck in informality, whilst low-educated formal workers were more likely to lose their contracts. The results suggest a high level of rigidity in the Egyptian labor market even in the wake of the Arab Spring.

Keywords: informal employment, job contracts, Arab Spring

JEL Classification: J21, J23, J24, J31, O17

Suggested Citation

Elsayed, Ahmed and Wahba, Jackline, Political Change and Informality: Evidence from the Arab Spring. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11245, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3097363

Ahmed Elsayed (Contact Author)

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) ( email )

Schaumburg-Lippe-Strasse 5-9
Bonn, 53113
Germany

ROA ( email )

Schaumburg-Lippe-Strasse 5-9
Bonn, 53113
Germany

Jackline Wahba

University of Southampton, Department of Economics ( email )

Southampton, SO171BJ
United Kingdom
+44 23 8059 3996 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/jackiewahba/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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