Armed Non-State Actors and Cultural Heritage in Armed Conflict

International Journal of Cultural Property, Vol. 24(4): pp. 407-427

Posted: 10 Jan 2018

See all articles by Marina Lostal

Marina Lostal

The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law

Kristin Hausler

Independent

Pascal Bongard

Geneva Call

Date Written: December 7, 2017

Abstract

This article presents the preliminary findings of a scoping study that Geneva Call is conducting to understand the existing dynamics between armed non-state actors (ANSAs) and cultural heritage. Geneva Call is a Swiss-based non-governmental organization dedicated to promoting the respect of international humanitarian law by ANSAs. The study centres on three case studies—Syria, Iraq, and Mali—on which information has been obtained through desk and field research, interviews with ANSAs operating in those countries, and with leading organizations committed to the protection of cultural heritage, globally or regionally. The article first maps the various attitudes of ANSAs toward cultural heritage, highlighting both positive and negative examples from current practices. Then it analyzes the response of specialized organizations to the impact of ANSAs on cultural heritage and their level of engagement with these actors on cultural heritage issues. Finally, the conclusion offers some tentative recommendations to enhance the respect of cultural heritage by ANSAs in non-international armed conflicts.

Keywords: cultural heritage, armed non-state actors, non-international armed conflicts, Geneva Call

Suggested Citation

Lostal, Marina and Hausler, Kristin and Bongard, Pascal, Armed Non-State Actors and Cultural Heritage in Armed Conflict (December 7, 2017). International Journal of Cultural Property, Vol. 24(4): pp. 407-427. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3097641

Marina Lostal (Contact Author)

The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law ( email )

Stamkartplein 40
Hague
Netherlands

Kristin Hausler

Independent

No Address Available
United States

Pascal Bongard

Geneva Call ( email )

Chemin de la Chevillarde, 47
Geneva, 47 - CH-12
Switzerland

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