Determinants of Bank Profitability in Emerging Markets
36 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2018
Date Written: January 1, 2018
We analyse key determinants of bank profitability based on the evolution of balance sheets of 534 banks from 19 emerging market economies. We find that higher long-term interest rates tend to boost profitability, while higher short-term rates reduce profits by raising funding costs. We also find that in normal times credit growth tends to be more important for bank profitability than GDP growth. The financial cycle thus appears to predict bank profitability better than the business cycle. We also show that increases in sovereign risk premia reduce bank profits in a significant way, underscoring the role of credible fiscal frameworks in supporting the overall financial stability.
Keywords: bank profitability, credit, risk premia, emerging markets, interest rates
JEL Classification: E32, E43, G21
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