Shocking Racial Attitudes: Black G.I.s in Europe
101 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2020
Date Written: May 24, 2020
Can attitudes towards minorities, an important cultural trait, be changed? We show that the presence of African American soldiers in the U.K. during World War II reduced anti-minority prejudice, a result of the positive interactions which took place between soldiers and the local population. The change has been persistent: in locations in which more African American soldiers were posted there are fewer members of and voters for the U.K.’s leading far-right party, less implicit bias against blacks and fewer individuals professing racial prejudice, allmeasured around 2010. Our results point towards intergenerational transmission from parents to children as the most likely explanation.
JEL Classification: J170, N000, Z100
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation