Economic Consequences of GST in India

5 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2018

See all articles by D. Amutha

D. Amutha

St. Mary's College (Autonomous) - Economics Department

Date Written: January 8, 2018


The research paper focuses on the economic consequences of Goods and Services Tax (GST) personified newly in the Indian Tax structure. The paper also discusses the anticipated barriers and future predictions for GST. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a vast notion that simplifies the giant tax structure by supporting and augmenting the economic growth of a country. GST is a comprehensive tax levy on manufacturing, sale and consumption of goods and services at a national level. India’s historic and bold move towards integrated tax structure is viewed by most economists as an answer to regressive indirect tax structure. It is a comprehensive tax system that will subsume all indirect taxes of states and central governments and unified economy into a seamless national market.

An important feature of GST is that products and services are equalized and are taxed at a fixed rate until customers access it within the supply chain. Therefore, tax reforms give equal rights to large and small businesses and taxpayers. Another important feature of India's GST rollout is that it is dual-based. In other words, both central and multiple government agencies will release GST separately. The central government will charge CGS T and the state will charge SGST respectively. However, the tax, tax and taxation standards are the same. This is necessary in view of the federal structure of the government if governments are free to manage their own taxes at two levels. GST would help in lesser corruption and increased tax revenue. It contributes towards a better and improved economy with single taxation. The system will make it easier to identify the tax defaulters.

In India, GST is imposed on goods and services income. It is expected to iron out wrinkles of existing indirect tax system and play a vital role in growth of India. It is believed that GST would put India’s indirect tax structure at par with more than 140 countries and would be productive for all the sectors. Implementation of such reforms does face surmountable challenges; however this is expected to bring in benefits in the form of higher GDP and also transparency in the tax system. The GST would be imposed on the value – addition and thus would leave lesser scope for tax evasion.

Keywords: GST, Tax And Services, Economic Growth , Cascading Effects, Tax Evasion

Suggested Citation

Amutha, D., Economic Consequences of GST in India (January 8, 2018). Available at SSRN: or

D. Amutha (Contact Author)

St. Mary's College (Autonomous) - Economics Department ( email )

Associate Professor of Economics, St. Mary's Coll
Thoothukudi, Tamilnadu 628001
9442091588 (Phone)

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics