The Effect of Quality of Education on Crime: Evidence from Colombia

46 Pages Posted: 8 Jan 2018

See all articles by Andres Giraldo

Andres Giraldo

Southern Methodist University; Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Manini Ojha

Jindal School of Government and Public Policy, O. P. Jindal Global University; Department of Economics, Southern Methodist University

Date Written: November 2017

Abstract

This paper evaluates the impact of quality of education on violence and crime. The paper exploits transfers of funds from the central government to municipalities for investments in education as a source of exogenous variation to identify the effect of education quality. It finds improvements in education quality have a negative impact on economic crimes such as rates of kidnapping and theft, as well as the presence of illegal armed groups. These findings are consistent with an opportunity cost effect of education, in which high quality education increases expectations of being absorbed by the labor market and discourages engagement in criminal activities. Results also point to a pacifying effect of education such that improvements in education quality generate less violent environments, and promote social and political stability. The results are robust to a number of econometric concerns and different measures of quality of education.

Keywords: Quality of Education, Crime, Conflict, Spatial Instruments, Shift-Share

JEL Classification: D74, I25, O11

Suggested Citation

Giraldo, Andrés Felipe and Ojha, Manini, The Effect of Quality of Education on Crime: Evidence from Colombia (November 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3098438

Andrés Felipe Giraldo

Southern Methodist University ( email )

Dallas, TX 75275
United States

Pontificia Universidad Javeriana ( email )

Carrera 7 No. 40-62
Bogotá DC
Colombia

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/afgiraldo/

Manini Ojha (Contact Author)

Jindal School of Government and Public Policy, O. P. Jindal Global University ( email )

Jindal School of Government and Public Policy
O. P. Jindal Global University,Sonipat-Narela Road
SONIPAT, HARYANA 131001
India

HOME PAGE: http://www.maniniojha.com

Department of Economics, Southern Methodist University ( email )

Dallas, TX
United States

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