Failure to Protect Girls from Female Genital Mutilation
Theodora A. Christou, Sam Fowles, Failure to Protect Girls from Female Genital Mutilation, (2015) The Journal of Criminal Law, Vol 79, Issue 5, pp. 344-357
Posted: 12 Jan 2018
Date Written: 2015
Whilst FGM had been a crime in the UK for over 2 decades, over 60, 000 girls continued to be mutilated. In 2015 the UK took its international obligations to protect girls from such physical harm more seriously and enacted new legislation. This article focuses on the parental responsibility to protect their daughter from harm and their criminal liability if they fail to take adequate action to prevent the mutilation occurring. We explore the socio-legal setting, the gaps in the law, the state's international obligations and finally the newly introduced rebuttable presumption.
Keywords: Female Genital Mutilation, rebuttable presumption, failure to protect, reverse burden, human rights, discrimination, violence against women
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