Lessons from More than a Decade-Long History of Sanction in France
LabEx ReFi Working Paper Series No. 2017-11
44 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2018
Date Written: October 01, 2017
In this paper, we examine the main characteristics and evolution along time of the sanctions pronounced by the French Financial Market Authority (AMF) since its creation. We consider an original exhaustive sample of 308 decisions, published on the AMF website over the period 2004-2016. Most of the sanctions resulted in a guilty verdict (90%), mostly associated with financial fines (94%) and/or with disciplinary sanctions (30%), after long procedures (2.7 years on average, followed potentially by appeals). Half of them were first published anonymized. The most frequently sanctioned market participants are listed companies, followed by asset managers or asset management companies. The sample under review was enlarged from 2012 onwards with a new kind of procedure, the settlements (32 from 2012 to 2016). The latter do not imply guilt recognition from part of the offender. Such procedures are by law quicker, target less severe regulatory breaches mostly done by asset management firms, and consequently result in less severe sanctions.
Keywords: Financial markets, regulation, fraud, information and market efficiency, history, listed companies, asset management firms
JEL Classification: G14, G18, K42, N24
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