A Direct Solution Method for Pricing Options in Regime-Switching Models
28 Pages Posted: 12 Jan 2018 Last revised: 21 Sep 2018
Date Written: September 7, 2018
Pricing financial or real options with arbitrary payoffs in regime-switching models is an important problem in finance. Mathematically, it is to solve, under certain standard assumptions, a general form of optimal stopping problems in regime-switching models. In this article, we reduce an optimal stopping problem with an arbitrary value function in a two-regime environment to a pair of optimal stopping problems without regime switching. We then propose a method for finding optimal stopping rules using the techniques available for non-switching problems. In contrast to other methods, our systematic solution procedure is more direct since we first obtain the explicit form of the value functions. In the end, we discuss an option pricing problem which may not be dealt with by the conventional methods, demonstrating the simplicity of our approach.
Keywords: Optimal stopping, Markov switching, Diffusion, Concavity, Perpetual Options
JEL Classification: C610, C630, G130, G300
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