Should Smart Investors Buy Funds with High Returns in the Past?

33 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2002

See all articles by Frederic Palomino

Frederic Palomino

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Harald Uhlig

University of Chicago - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 2002

Abstract

Newspapers and weekly magazines catering to the investing crowd often rank funds according to the returns generated in the past. Aside from satisfying sheer curiosity, these numbers are probably also the basis on which investors pick a fund to invest in. In this article, we fully characterize the equilibrium in a game between a mutual fund manager of unknown ability who controls the riskiness of his portfolio and investors who only observe realized returns. We derive conditions under which (i) investors invest in the fund if the realized return falls within some interval, ie., is neither too low nor too high, (ii) an informed fund manager picks a portfolio of minimal riskiness, (iii) an uninformed mutual fund manager will pick a portfolio with higher risk, 'gambling' on a lucky outcome and (iv), when the fee structure is endogenous, both types of manager choose the same fraction-of-fund fee structure. Our results are consistent with empirical evidence about the lack of persistence of top performance, and about the very wide use of fraction-of-fund fee structure among mutual funds.

Keywords: Actively managed funds, index funds, fund-picking strategy, fraction-of-fund fees

JEL Classification: G11, G23

Suggested Citation

Palomino, Frederic Albert and Uhlig, Harald, Should Smart Investors Buy Funds with High Returns in the Past? (March 2002). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=310084

Frederic Albert Palomino (Contact Author)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Harald Uhlig

University of Chicago - Department of Economics ( email )

1101 East 58th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

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