Taking North American White Supremacist Groups Seriously: The Scope and the Challenge of Hate Speech on the Internet

International Journal of Crime, Justice, and Social Democracy, Vol. 7, No. 2 (2018): 38-57.

20 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2018  

Raphael Cohen-Almagor

University of Hull

Date Written: June 1, 2018

Abstract

This article aims to address two questions: (1) How does hate speech manifest on North American white supremacist websites and (2) Is there a connection between online hate speech and hate crime? Section I defines hate speech and explains the research methodology upon which the article is based. Section II analyses the ways that hate groups utilise the Internet and their purposes in doing so, examining the content and the functions of hate sites as well as the agenda of hate mongers. Section III explores the connection between hate speech and hate crime. It is argued that there is sufficient evidence to suggest that speech can and does inspire crime. The article is based in the main on primary sources: a close study of dozens of hate websites, and is informed by more than 50 interviews and discussions with experts in the field.

Keywords: bigotry, hate crime, hate site, hate speech, racism, violence

JEL Classification: Z00

Suggested Citation

Cohen-Almagor, Raphael, Taking North American White Supremacist Groups Seriously: The Scope and the Challenge of Hate Speech on the Internet (June 1, 2018). International Journal of Crime, Justice, and Social Democracy, Vol. 7, No. 2 (2018): 38-57. . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3102682

Raphael Cohen-Almagor (Contact Author)

University of Hull ( email )

Cottingham Road
Hull, Great Britain HU6 7RX
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.hull.ac.uk/rca

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