Arrival of Young Talent : The Send-down Movement and Rural Education in China

67 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2018 Last revised: 3 Aug 2020

See all articles by Yi Chen

Yi Chen

ShanghaiTech University - School of Entrepreneurship and Management

Ziying Fan

Shanghai University of Finance and Economics - School of Public Economics & Administration

Xiaomin Gu

Shanghai University of International Business and Economics

Li-An Zhou

Peking University - Guanghua School of Management

Date Written: January 20, 2018

Abstract

This paper estimates the effects of the send-down movement during the Cultural Revolution---when about 16 million urban youth were mandated to resettle in the countryside---on rural education. Using a county-level dataset compiled from local gazetteers and population censuses, we show that greater exposure to the sent-down youths significantly increased rural children's educational achievement. This positive effect diminished after the urban youth left the countryside in the late 1970s but never disappeared. Rural children who interacted with the sent-down youths were also more likely to pursue more-skilled occupations, marry later, and have smaller families than those who did not.

Keywords: Send-down Movement, Cultural Revolution, Rural Education, Persistent Effect

JEL Classification: I25, J24, N35, O15, R23

Suggested Citation

Chen, Yi and Fan, Ziying and Gu, Xiaomin and Zhou, Li-An, Arrival of Young Talent : The Send-down Movement and Rural Education in China (January 20, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3102716 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3102716

Yi Chen (Contact Author)

ShanghaiTech University - School of Entrepreneurship and Management ( email )

100 Haike Rd
Pudong Xinqu, Shanghai
China

Ziying Fan

Shanghai University of Finance and Economics - School of Public Economics & Administration ( email )

Shanghai, 200433
China

Xiaomin Gu

Shanghai University of International Business and Economics ( email )

Shanghai, Shanghai 201620
China

Li-An Zhou

Peking University - Guanghua School of Management ( email )

Peking University
Beijing, Beijing 100871
China

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