Mobile Devices as Stigmatizing Security Sensors: The GDPR and a Future of Crowdsourced 'Broken Windows'

International Data Privacy Law, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 69–85, doi: 10.1093/idpl/ipx024

University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 13/2018

26 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2018 Last revised: 8 Jun 2019

See all articles by Oskar Josef Gstrein

Oskar Josef Gstrein

University of Groningen - Campus Fryslân; Europa-Institut, Saarland University

Gerard Jan Ritsema van Eck

University of Groningen - Faculty of Law

Date Written: 2018

Abstract

Various smartphone apps and services are available which encourage users to report where and when they feel they are in an unsafe or threatening environment. This user generated content may be used to build datasets, which can show areas that are considered ‘bad,’ and to map out ‘safe’ routes through such neighbourhoods. Despite certain advantages, this data inherently carries the danger that streets or neighbourhoods become stigmatized and already existing prejudices might be reinforced. Such stigmas might also result in negative consequences for property values and businesses, causing irreversible damage to certain parts of a municipality. Overcoming such an “evidence-based stigma” — even if based on biased, unreviewed, outdated, or inaccurate data — becomes nearly impossible and raises the question how such data should be managed.

Keywords: Apps, Crowdsourcing, GDPR, Privacy, Public Space, Security

Suggested Citation

Gstrein, Oskar Josef and Ritsema van Eck, Gerard Jan, Mobile Devices as Stigmatizing Security Sensors: The GDPR and a Future of Crowdsourced 'Broken Windows' (2018). International Data Privacy Law, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 69–85, doi: 10.1093/idpl/ipx024, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 13/2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3105228

Oskar Josef Gstrein

University of Groningen - Campus Fryslân ( email )

P.O. Box 800
9700 AH Groningen, Groningen 9700 AV
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.rug.nl/staff/o.j.gstrein/

Europa-Institut, Saarland University ( email )

Campus, Gebäude B2.1
Saarbrücken, 66123
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://europainstitut.de

Gerard Jan Ritsema van Eck (Contact Author)

University of Groningen - Faculty of Law ( email )

Oude Kijk in 't Jatstraat 26
Groningen, 9712 EK
Netherlands
+3150 363 2593 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.rug.nl/staff/g.j.ritsema.van.eck/

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