Energy-Efficient Innovation and Firm Size: How Different Firms Respond to Different Institutional Pressures

Paper Presented at the ‘Transforming Innovation’ SPRU’s 50th Anniversary Conference, 7–9 September 2016, Brighton (the United Kingdom)

39 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2018

See all articles by Luca Grilli

Luca Grilli

Polytechnic University of Milan - Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering

Paola Garrone

Politecnico di Milano

Boris Mrkajic

Politecnico di Milano

Date Written: September 8, 2016

Abstract

Relying on the institutional and innovation theory, we argue that the institutional features of countries are significantly influencing energy-efficient innovation (EEI) activities, a relevant and peculiar type of environmental innovation. An analysis of a cross-sectional sample of more than 15,800 firms from nine European countries, drawn from the 2006-2008 Community Innovation Survey, confirms the hypothesis that regulatory and normative pressures spur the adoption of EEIs. Moreover, large firms emerge to respond to both pressures more than SMEs, yet the moderating role of firm size is found to be contingent on the type of EEI. In particular, large firms respond with more product EEIs when the normative pressures are strong, while they generate more process EEIs when regulatory pressures are high.

Keywords: Energy-Efficient Innovation, Regulatory Pressures, Normative Pressures, Institutional Division of Labor, SMEs

Suggested Citation

Grilli, Luca and Garrone, Paola and Mrkajic, Boris, Energy-Efficient Innovation and Firm Size: How Different Firms Respond to Different Institutional Pressures (September 8, 2016). Paper Presented at the ‘Transforming Innovation’ SPRU’s 50th Anniversary Conference, 7–9 September 2016, Brighton (the United Kingdom). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3105311 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3105311

Luca Grilli

Polytechnic University of Milan - Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering ( email )

Via Lambruschini 4C - building 26/A
Milano, 20156
Italy

Paola Garrone

Politecnico di Milano ( email )

piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32
Milano, 20133
Italy
+39-02-23992742 (Phone)

Boris Mrkajic (Contact Author)

Politecnico di Milano ( email )

Via Raffaele Lambruschini, 4B
Milan, 20156
Italy

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