On Why the Gender Employment Gap in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s
38 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2018 Last revised: 13 Jan 2020
Date Written: September 1, 2019
Using over four decades of British micro data, this paper looks at how the narrowing gender employment gap stalled in the early 1990s. Changes to the structure of employment between and within industry sectors impacted the gap at approximately constant rates throughout the period, and does not account for the stall. Instead, changes to how women’s likelihood of paid work was affected by their partners’ characteristics explains most of the gap’s shift in trend. Increases in women’s employment when they had children or achieved higher qualifications continued to narrow the gap even after it had stalled overall.
Keywords: gender employment gaps, structural change, micro time series dataset
JEL Classification: E24, J16, J21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation