On Why Gender Employment Equality in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s
37 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2018 Last revised: 9 Feb 2019
Date Written: February 2019
Using over four decades of British micro data, this paper asks why the narrowing of the gender employment rate gap has stalled since the early 1990s. We find that changes to the structure of employment both between and within industry sectors impacted the gap at approximately constant rates throughout the period, and does not account for the stall. Instead, changes to how the characteristics of women's partners affected their own employment rates address most of the gap's shift in trend. There is also evidence that increases in women's employment when they had children or higher qualifications continued to narrow the gender gap even after it had stalled overall.
Keywords: gender employment gaps, structural change, micro time series dataset
JEL Classification: E24, J16, J21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation