On Why the Gender Employment Gap in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s

38 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2018 Last revised: 13 Jan 2020

See all articles by Giovanni Razzu

Giovanni Razzu

University of Reading

Carl Singleton

Department of Economics, University of Reading

Mark Mitchell

University of Edinburgh

Date Written: September 1, 2019

Abstract

Using over four decades of British micro data, this paper looks at how the narrowing gender employment gap stalled in the early 1990s. Changes to the structure of employment between and within industry sectors impacted the gap at approximately constant rates throughout the period, and does not account for the stall. Instead, changes to how women’s likelihood of paid work was affected by their partners’ characteristics explains most of the gap’s shift in trend. Increases in women’s employment when they had children or achieved higher qualifications continued to narrow the gap even after it had stalled overall.

Keywords: gender employment gaps, structural change, micro time series dataset

JEL Classification: E24, J16, J21

Suggested Citation

Razzu, Giovanni and Singleton, Carl and Mitchell, Mark, On Why the Gender Employment Gap in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s (September 1, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3105545 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3105545

Giovanni Razzu (Contact Author)

University of Reading ( email )

Whiteknights
Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH
United Kingdom

Carl Singleton

Department of Economics, University of Reading ( email )

Whiteknights
Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH
United Kingdom

Mark Mitchell

University of Edinburgh ( email )

31 Buccleuch Place
Edinburgh, EH8 9JT
United Kingdom

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