On Why Gender Employment Equality in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s

44 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2018 Last revised: 27 May 2018

See all articles by Giovanni Razzu

Giovanni Razzu

University of Reading

Carl Singleton

Department of Economics, University of Reading

Mark Mitchell

University of Edinburgh

Date Written: May 23, 2018

Abstract

Using over four decades of British micro data, this paper asks why progress in closing the gender employment rate gap has stalled since the early 1990s. We find that how partner characteristics affected women’s likelihood of employment explain most of the gap’s shift in trend. Instead, changes to the structure of employment both between and within industry sectors impacted the gap at approximately constant rates throughout the period. There is evidence that continuing improvements in women’s employment when they had children or higher qualifications worked towards narrowing the gap, even after progress overall had stalled.

Keywords: gender employment gaps, structural change, micro time series dataset

JEL Classification: E24, J16, J21

Suggested Citation

Razzu, Giovanni and Singleton, Carl and Mitchell, Mark, On Why Gender Employment Equality in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s (May 23, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3105545 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3105545

Giovanni Razzu (Contact Author)

University of Reading ( email )

Whiteknights
Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH
United Kingdom

Carl Singleton

Department of Economics, University of Reading ( email )

Whiteknights
Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH
United Kingdom

Mark Mitchell

University of Edinburgh ( email )

31 Buccleuch Place
Edinburgh, EH8 9JT
United Kingdom

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