On Why Gender Employment Equality in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s

37 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2018 Last revised: 9 Feb 2019

See all articles by Giovanni Razzu

Giovanni Razzu

University of Reading

Carl Singleton

Department of Economics, University of Reading

Mark Mitchell

University of Edinburgh

Date Written: February 2019

Abstract

Using over four decades of British micro data, this paper asks why the narrowing of the gender employment rate gap has stalled since the early 1990s. We find that changes to the structure of employment both between and within industry sectors impacted the gap at approximately constant rates throughout the period, and does not account for the stall. Instead, changes to how the characteristics of women's partners affected their own employment rates address most of the gap's shift in trend. There is also evidence that increases in women's employment when they had children or higher qualifications continued to narrow the gender gap even after it had stalled overall.

Keywords: gender employment gaps, structural change, micro time series dataset

JEL Classification: E24, J16, J21

Suggested Citation

Razzu, Giovanni and Singleton, Carl and Mitchell, Mark, On Why Gender Employment Equality in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s (February 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3105545 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3105545

Giovanni Razzu (Contact Author)

University of Reading ( email )

Whiteknights
Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH
United Kingdom

Carl Singleton

Department of Economics, University of Reading ( email )

Whiteknights
Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH
United Kingdom

Mark Mitchell

University of Edinburgh ( email )

31 Buccleuch Place
Edinburgh, EH8 9JT
United Kingdom

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