Relative Standing and Temporary Migration: Empirical Evidence from the South Caucasus

23 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2018

See all articles by Armenak Antinyan

Armenak Antinyan

Wenlan School of Business; United Nations Development Program

Luca Corazzini

Ca Foscari University of Venice - Dipartimento di Economia

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 2018

Abstract

This paper empirically investigates the relationship between households’ relative deprivation and the intentions of their members to temporarily migrate abroad in three transition economies of the South Caucasus: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. To capture respondents’ relative deprivation, we use self‐reported information on respondents’ perception of the relative standing of their household in comparison to those of their neighbors. Controlling for households’ absolute income and other relevant subjective dimensions, we illustrate that households’ relative position vis‐à‐vis their reference groups plays an important role in determining the intentions of their members to migrate abroad. In particular, individuals are more willing to engage in temporary emigration if they perceive themselves to be poorer than the reference group. Our results may have important policy implications. A conjectural suggestion of our empirical exercise is that if migration has to be curbed, reducing absolute poverty alone may not be sufficient. In addition, policy‐makers may need to decrease relative income differentials within the country.

Suggested Citation

Antinyan, Armenak and Corazzini, Luca, Relative Standing and Temporary Migration: Empirical Evidence from the South Caucasus (February 2018). Review of Development Economics, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 361-383, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3107343 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rode.12345

Armenak Antinyan (Contact Author)

Wenlan School of Business ( email )

No.143, Wuluo Road
Wuhan, Hubei 430073
China

United Nations Development Program ( email )

Petros Adamyan 14
Yerevan, 0010
Armenia

Luca Corazzini

Ca Foscari University of Venice - Dipartimento di Economia ( email )

Cannaregio 873
Venice, 30121
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.unive.it/pag/16892/

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