Convergence Analysis of the Improved Water Sources for 203 Countries

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management 8(3) (2020) 215-228, GCCR Working Paper Series, 2018-02

36 Pages Posted: 12 Feb 2018 Last revised: 25 Nov 2020

See all articles by Yu Sang Chang

Yu Sang Chang

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics

Yoo-Taek Lee

Endicott College of International Studies, Woosong University

Yoonji Lee

Boston University - Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies

Ki Baek Kim

Syracuse University

Date Written: January 23, 2018

Abstract

The Millennium Development Goals by the United Nations included a global target for Improved Water Source to reach 88% of global population by 2015. By 2010, the global target was reached. However, there are still millions of people lacking the improved access to drinking water. We propose the use of convergence methodology to examine improved water source data for 203 countries to determine whether the gap between water-rich versus water-poor countries has narrowed during the period of 2000 to 2015. Results of our analysis indicate convergence toward reduction of dispersion as well as toward increase of catch-up effect. However, significant variations are found among the subgroups of countries defined by income levels and regions.
Implications of our findings will be discussed.

Keywords: Improved Water Source, Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Convergences Analysis, Sigma Index, Gamma Index

JEL Classification: Q56, Q57

Suggested Citation

Chang, Yu Sang and Lee, Yoo-Taek and Lee, Yoonji and Kim, Ki Baek, Convergence Analysis of the Improved Water Sources for 203 Countries (January 23, 2018). Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management 8(3) (2020) 215-228, GCCR Working Paper Series, 2018-02, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3107561 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3107561

Yu Sang Chang (Contact Author)

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics ( email )

Korea

Yoo-Taek Lee

Endicott College of International Studies, Woosong University ( email )

171 Dongdaejeon-ro
Dong-gu
Daejeon, 34606
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
042-630-9795 (Phone)
042-630-9881 (Fax)

Yoonji Lee

Boston University - Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies

67 Bay State Road
Boston, MA 02215
United States

Ki Baek Kim

Syracuse University ( email )

NY
United States

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