Rights Eroded: A Briefing on the Effects of Closing Space on Women Human Rights Defenders

48 Pages Posted: 15 Nov 2019

See all articles by Laurel E. Fletcher

Laurel E. Fletcher

University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

Katrina Natale

University of California, Berkeley - International Human Rights Law Clinic

Shalini Eddens

Urgent Action Fund

Nathalie Margie

Urgent Action Fund

Date Written: December 10, 2017

Abstract

Human rights defenders around the world find themselves operating in an increasingly hostile climate. Governments are restricting the ability of activists to voice unpopular views and challenge repressive laws and policies. They create constraints through harassment, intimidation, and by imposing new legal restrictions on the ability of civil society actors to form associations and receive funding. This phenomenon is known as “closing space.” It erodes rights, threatens social justice movements, and undermines participatory democracy and human rights promotion.

Adopting a human rights perspective, this briefing report highlights how women human rights defenders (WHRDs) are experiencing closing space. It is based on interviews with representatives of two women’s funds, and twenty-four representatives of women’s and LGBTQI civil society networks, coalitions, and organizations across five global regions. The interviews are complemented by a review of the domestic laws restricting civil society space in sixteen countries in which Urgent Action Sister Funds support activists—Bahrain, Bangladesh, China, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico, Nicaragua, Russia, Turkey, and Zimbabwe. This briefing throws into stark relief the degree to which States are falling short of their obligations under international law to these activists. It offers recommendations to States, the United Nations, and funders on how to address the impacts of closing space on human rights defenders.

Keywords: human rights, women's human rights, closing space

Suggested Citation

Fletcher, Laurel E. and Natale, Katrina and Eddens, Shalini and Margie, Nathalie, Rights Eroded: A Briefing on the Effects of Closing Space on Women Human Rights Defenders (December 10, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3108683 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3108683

Laurel E. Fletcher (Contact Author)

University of California, Berkeley - School of Law ( email )

215 Boalt Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720-7200
United States

Katrina Natale

University of California, Berkeley - International Human Rights Law Clinic ( email )

United States

Shalini Eddens

Urgent Action Fund ( email )

660 13th Street, Suite 200
Oakland, CA 94612
United States

Nathalie Margie

Urgent Action Fund ( email )

660 13th Street, Suite 200
Oakland, CA 94612
United States

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