Back to Kyoto? Us Participation and the Linkage between R&D and Climate Cooperation

38 Pages Posted: 7 May 2002

See all articles by Barbara K. Buchner

Barbara K. Buchner

International Energy Agency; Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)

Carlo Carraro

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM); Ca' Foscari University of Venice; CMCC - Euro Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (Climate Policy Division); IPCC; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels; Green Growth Knowledge Platform; International Center for Climate Governance

Igor Cersosimo

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), Venice

Carmen Marchiori

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM); University College London

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 2002

Abstract

The US decision not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and the recent outcomes of the Bonn and Marrakech Conferences of the Parties drastically reduces the effectiveness of the Kyoto Protocol in controlling GHG emissions. The reason is not only the reduced emission abatement in the US, but also the spillover effects on technology and countries' relative bargaining power induced by the US decision. Therefore, it is crucial to analyse whether an incentive strategy exists that could induce the US to revise their decision and to comply with the Kyoto commitments. One solution, occasionally proposed in the literature and in actual policymaking, is to link negotiations on climate change control with decisions concerning international R&D cooperation. This Paper explores this idea by analysing on the one hand the incentives for EU, Japan and Russia to adopt this strategy, and on the other hand the incentives for the US to join a coalition which cooperates both on climate change control and on technological innovation. The extended regime in which cooperation takes place on both dimensions (GHG emissions and R&D) will be examined from the view-point of countries' profitability and free-riding incentives. Finally, after having assessed the effectiveness and credibility of the issue linkage strategy, we explore the economic and environmental benefits of a new, recently proposed regime, which aims at achieving GHG emission control by enhancing cooperation on technological innovation and diffusion (without targets on emissions).

Keywords: Agreements, climate, incentives, negotiations, policy, technological change

JEL Classification: C70, H00, H40, O30

Suggested Citation

Buchner, Barbara K. and Carraro, Carlo and Cersosimo, Igor and Marchiori, Carmen, Back to Kyoto? Us Participation and the Linkage between R&D and Climate Cooperation (April 2002). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=311101

Barbara K. Buchner (Contact Author)

International Energy Agency ( email )

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Carlo Carraro

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) ( email )

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Igor Cersosimo

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), Venice ( email )

Campo S. M. Formosa, Castello 5252
Venezia, 30122
Italy

Carmen Marchiori

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) ( email )

Campo S. M. Formosa, Castello 5252
Venezia, 30122
Italy
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+39 041 271 1461 (Fax)

University College London

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