The 'Mighty Girl' Effect: Does Parenting Daughters Alter Attitudes Towards Gender Roles?

29 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2018

See all articles by Mireia Borrell-Porta

Mireia Borrell-Porta

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Joan Costa-Font

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Julia Philipp

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - London School of Economics

Abstract

Understanding the malleability of gender norms is crucial to address gender inequalities. We study the effect of parenting daughters on a gender role attitude relating to the traditional male breadwinner model: whether the husband should earn and the wife stay at home. We control for other covariates that capture alternative explanations for gender role perceptions. Our results suggest evidence of a positive effect of parenting daughters on acceptance of less traditional gender roles. The effect is only robust among fathers and driven by parenting school age rather than younger daughters, which is consistent with a social identity explanation. Results suggest that parenting daughters of school age (as opposed to parenting only sons) increases the probability to disagree with the statement that 'husband should earn and wife stay at home' by over 5 percentage points. We conclude that gender role attitudes can be shaped by events that occur later in life.

Keywords: gender roles, attitudes to gender roles, maternal employment, attitude formation, daughters

JEL Classification: J7, Z1

Suggested Citation

Borrell-Porta, Mireia and Costa-Font, Joan and Philipp, Julia, The 'Mighty Girl' Effect: Does Parenting Daughters Alter Attitudes Towards Gender Roles?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11259. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3111113

Mireia Borrell-Porta (Contact Author)

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Joan Costa-Font

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://joancostaifont.org/

Julia Philipp

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - London School of Economics

United Kingdom

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