Reforms that Keep You Home: Migration in Transition Economies

28 Pages Posted: 6 Feb 2018

See all articles by Martin Guzi

Martin Guzi

Masaryk University; Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Štepán Mikula

Masaryk University

Date Written: January 29, 2018

Abstract

In this paper, the variation in the transition process among post-communist countries is used to show that positive prospects about future economic development formed by reform progress reduce emigration. The analysis uses panel data on 28 post-communist countries observed during 1991-2010. The estimated effect is statistically significant and suggests that a change in the EBRDs reform indicator by one standard deviation reduces emigration by about as much as a change of GDP in the origin by one standard deviation. Reforms stimulating the business environment and improving access to credit have the strongest impact on emigration. Progress in infrastructure reforms, by contrast, are found to have no association with emigration.

Keywords: EBRD transition indicators, emigration, post-communist countries, multilateral resistance

JEL Classification: F22, J61, O15

Suggested Citation

Guzi, Martin and Mikula, Štepán, Reforms that Keep You Home: Migration in Transition Economies (January 29, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3112188 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3112188

Martin Guzi (Contact Author)

Masaryk University ( email )

Lipova 41a
Brno, 60200
Czech Republic
+420549496766 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.muni.cz/econ/people/233611

Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI)

Zvolenská 29
Bratislava, 82109
Slovakia

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://legacy.iza.org/en/webcontent/personnel/photos/index_html?key=5347

Štepán Mikula

Masaryk University

Lipová 41a
Brno, 602 00
Czech Republic

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