Thinking Ahead, Looking Back: Assessing the Value of Regulatory Impact Analysis and Procedures for Its Use

Korean Journal of Law and Legislation, Vol. 3, p. 5, 2013

U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 18-6

24 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2018

See all articles by Cary Coglianese

Cary Coglianese

University of Pennsylvania Law School

Date Written: 2013

Abstract

Analysis is a tool for making important legislative and regulatory decisions but it is also a way of looking back to see whether decisions made in the past have been good ones. How well have legal rules actually worked in practice? Answering this question is crucial, not only for improving regulation and legislation in the future, but also for improving forward-looking regulatory impact analysis (RIA). This article was originally presented as the keynote address at the 22nd Anniversary International Conference of the Korea Legislation Research Institute in August 2012. It highlights what social scientists have told us generally about the role of analysis in decision making and why prospective RIA has been adopted around the world. It contrasts prospective RIA with regulatory impact evaluation (RIE), showing that even procedures that require prospective RIA can be properly subjected to ex post evaluation and that such evaluation is the only way to determine the true value of prospective RIA. It also explains the crucial connection between looking back and thinking ahead, concluding that without more and better retrospective research -- RIEs -- prospective RIAs cannot achieve their full potential over the long term.

Keywords: Regulatory impact analysis, RIA, regulatory impact assessment, legislative impact analysis, retrospective evaluation, regulatory impact evaluation, public administration, decision making

JEL Classification: K23, H83

Suggested Citation

Coglianese, Cary, Thinking Ahead, Looking Back: Assessing the Value of Regulatory Impact Analysis and Procedures for Its Use (2013). Korean Journal of Law and Legislation, Vol. 3, p. 5, 2013; U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 18-6. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3113568

Cary Coglianese (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania Law School ( email )

3501 Sansom Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States
215-898-6867 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.upenn.edu/coglianese

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