A Pipeline Too Far? EU Law Obstacles to Nordstream 2

International Energy Law Review, March 2018

25 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2018

See all articles by Alan Riley

Alan Riley

Institute for Statecraft; City University London, The City Law School

Date Written: January 31, 2018


This paper considers the vexed and controversial European Union legal issues surrounding the proposed Nordstream 2 pipeline. It focuses initially on the question of what obstacles would be placed in the way of the pipeline if EU law, and particularly the Gas Directive 2009 applies in full to the project. Having explored that issue, and come to the conclusion that the application of modern EU energy liberalisation law would impose significant additional obstacles on Nordstream 2 it then turns to the question of legal applicability. The question of the applicability of EU law to import pipelines is considered in terms of legal analysis of legislation, case law and legal principle, and then in respect of the actual application of Union law to import pipelines, notably Yamal and Southstream. In the conclusion, the paper considers the implications of the proposed amendment to the Gas Directive 2009 which would formally extend that directive to import pipelines.

Keywords: European Union, EU Law, Energy Law, Import Pipelines, Energy Security, Energy Union

JEL Classification: K2

Suggested Citation

Riley, Alan and Riley, Alan, A Pipeline Too Far? EU Law Obstacles to Nordstream 2 (January 31, 2018). International Energy Law Review, March 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3114202

Alan Riley (Contact Author)

City University London, The City Law School ( email )

London, EC1V OHB
United Kingdom

Institute for Statecraft ( email )

2 Temple Place
London, WC2R 3BD
United Kingdom

Do you want regular updates from SSRN on Twitter?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics