Crises and the Interbank Market Puzzle

82 Pages Posted: 12 Feb 2018 Last revised: 23 Aug 2023

See all articles by Franklin Allen

Franklin Allen

Imperial College London

Giovanni Covi

Bank of England; University of Verona

Xian Gu

Durham University Business School

Oskar Kowalewski

IESEG School of Management; LEM - CNRS 9221

Mattia Montagna

European Central Bank (ECB)

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 18, 2022


This study documents significant differences in the size of interbank markets across countries. We argue that the past banking crises shape the current size of the interbank market. Banks from a country with longer periods of banking crises in the past tend to have lower interbank borrowing. Using a proprietary dataset on bilateral exposures, we investigate the Euro Area interbank network and find the effect of past crises relies on the interbank network structure. Core banks as intermediaries are more significantly influenced by crises while being more exposed in a community can mitigate the negative effect of crises.

Keywords: Interbank Market, Trust, Networks, Centrality, Community Detection

JEL Classification: G01, G21, G28

Suggested Citation

Allen, Franklin and Covi, Giovanni and Gu, Xian and Kowalewski, Oskar and Montagna, Mattia, Crises and the Interbank Market Puzzle (April 18, 2022). Available at SSRN: or

Franklin Allen

Imperial College London ( email )

South Kensington Campus
Exhibition Road
London, Greater London SW7 2AZ
United Kingdom

Giovanni Covi

Bank of England ( email )

Threadneedle Street
London, EC2R 8AH
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://

University of Verona ( email )

Via dell'Artigliere, 8
Verona, 37129

Xian Gu (Contact Author)

Durham University Business School ( email )

Mill Hill Lane
Durham, DH1 3LB
United Kingdom

Oskar Kowalewski

IESEG School of Management ( email )

1 Parvis de La Défense
Socle de la Grande Arche
Paris La Défense cedex, 92044


LEM - CNRS 9221 ( email )



Mattia Montagna

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314

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