Early Electrification and the Quality of Service: Evidence from Rural India
Energy for Sustainable Development, Forthcoming
38 Pages Posted: 13 Feb 2018
Date Written: February 7, 2018
Rural electrification has progressed unevenly across the world since 1945, with some rural communities gaining access to power decades earlier than others. We examine the association between early electrification and the quality of electricity service to households, testing the hypothesis that aging infrastructure compromises the quality of electricity service. Using the 2014-2015 ACCESS survey from rural India, we find that early electrification is associated with improvements in the quality of electricity service, even controlling for village size and distance to nearest town. A possible explanation for the finding is that early electrification generates economic gains that allow the rural community to invest in maintenance and upgrades.
Keywords: energy access; rural electrification; India
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