Taxation Under Uncertainty - Problems of Dynamic Programming and Contingent Claims Analysis in Real Option Theory
29 Pages Posted: 16 May 2002
Date Written: April 2002
This article deals with the integration of taxes into real option-based investment models under risk neutrality and risk aversion. It compares two possible approaches -- dynamic programming and contingent claims analysis -- to analyze their effects on the optimal investment rules before and after taxes. It can be shown that despite their different assumptions, dynamic programming and contingent claims analysis yield identical investment thresholds under risk neutrality. In contrast, under risk aversion, there are severe problems in determining an adequate risk-adjusted discount rate. The application of contingent claims analysis is restricted to cases with a dividend rate unaffected by risk. Therefore, only dynamic programming permits an explicit investment threshold without taxation. After taxes, both approaches fail to reach general solutions. Nevertheless, using a sufficient condition, it is possible to derive neutral tax systems under risk aversion as is demonstrated by using dynamic programming.
JEL Classification: H25, H21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation