Universal Social Protection Floors: Costing Estimates and Affordability in 57 Lower Income Countries

ILO Extension of Social Security ─ Working Paper No. 58

72 Pages Posted: 23 May 2018

See all articles by Isabel Ortiz

Isabel Ortiz

United Nations - International Labour Organization (ILO); Initiative for Policy Dialogue

Fabio Duran

International Labour Organization (ILO)

Karuna Pal

International Labour Organization (ILO)

Christina Behrendt

International Labour Organization; International Labour Office

Andres Acuña-Ulate

International Labour Organization (ILO)

Date Written: December 6, 2017

Abstract

This paper presents the results of costing universal social protection floors in 34 lower middle-income, and 23 low-income countries, consisting of: (i) allowances for all children and all orphans; (ii) maternity benefits for all women with newborns; (iii) benefits for all persons with severe disabilities, and (iv) universal old-age pensions. The levels of this comparable set of benefits are based on nationally-defined poverty lines, and presented as a percentage of GDP. The paper additionally reviews potential areas of fiscal space for the necessary extension of social protection systems, and concludes that universal social protection floors are feasible in the majority of developing countries.

Keywords: social protection, social security systems, social protection floors, child allowances, orphan benefits, maternity benefits, disability benefits, social pensions, public expenditures, developing countries, universal policies, SDGs

JEL Classification: I3, H6, H53, H55

Suggested Citation

Ortiz, Isabel and Duran, Fabio and Pal, Karuna and Behrendt, Christina and Acuña-Ulate, Andres, Universal Social Protection Floors: Costing Estimates and Affordability in 57 Lower Income Countries (December 6, 2017). ILO Extension of Social Security ─ Working Paper No. 58. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3121542 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3121542

Isabel Ortiz (Contact Author)

United Nations - International Labour Organization (ILO) ( email )

ILO HQ, Route des Morillons 4
Geneva, 1211
Switzerland
+41227996226 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ilo.org/

Initiative for Policy Dialogue ( email )

Columbia University
New York, NY
United States

HOME PAGE: http://policydialogue.org/programs/taskforces/global_social_justice/

Fabio Duran

International Labour Organization (ILO) ( email )

Route des Morillons 4
Geneva, 1211
Switzerland

Karuna Pal

International Labour Organization (ILO) ( email )

Route des Morillons 4
Geneva, 1211
Switzerland

Christina Behrendt

International Labour Organization ( email )

Route des Morillons 4
Geneva, 1211
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.ilo.org

International Labour Office ( email )

Route des Morillons 4
Geneva, 1211
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.ilo.org

Andres Acuña-Ulate

International Labour Organization (ILO) ( email )

Route des Morillons 4
Geneva, 1211
Switzerland

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