The Differentia Specifica of Interhuman Communications: Luhmann and the Sociological Reflection of Information Theory

Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Mark Burgin (eds.), Theoretical Information Studies Vol 2. World Scientific, 2018. (version, 4 March 2018)

16 Pages Posted: 22 Feb 2018 Last revised: 12 Mar 2018

Loet Leydesdorff

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)

Date Written: March 3, 2018

Abstract

Unlike the coding of biological evolution in terms of DNA, cultural evolution is driven by the further development of codes in the communication. These codes structure how we give meaning to the information. Complementary to the information flow, they can be modeled as redundancy: the observables are provided with meaning from the perspective of hindsight and with reference to horizons of meaning. Orders of expectations can be developed which operate as feedback on the arrow of the entropy flow by providing envisaged options. Cultural evolution thus incurs on the biological evolution. The codes operate as selection mechanisms on the phenotypical variation of the observables.

Keywords: code, communication, Luhmann, cultural evolution, infra-reflexivity, language, languaging

Suggested Citation

Leydesdorff, Loet, The Differentia Specifica of Interhuman Communications: Luhmann and the Sociological Reflection of Information Theory (March 3, 2018). Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Mark Burgin (eds.), Theoretical Information Studies Vol 2. World Scientific, 2018. (version, 4 March 2018) . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3121894

Loet Leydesdorff (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) ( email )

PO Box 15793
Amsterdam, 1001 NG
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.leydesdorff.net

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