The Differentia Specifica of Interhuman Communications: Luhmann and the Sociological Reflection of Information Theory
Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Mark Burgin (eds.), Theoretical Information Studies Vol 2. World Scientific, 2018. (version, 21 May 2018)
17 Pages Posted: 22 Feb 2018 Last revised: 23 May 2018
Date Written: May 21, 2018
Unlike the coding of biological evolution in terms of DNA, cultural evolution is driven by the further development of codes in the communication. These codes structure how we give meaning to the information. Complementary to the information flow, they can be modeled as redundancy: the observables are provided with meaning from the perspective of hindsight and with reference to horizons of meaning. Orders of expectations can be developed which operate as feedback on the arrow of the entropy flow by providing envisaged options. Cultural evolution thus incurs on the biological evolution. The codes operate as selection mechanisms on the phenotypical variation of the observables.
Keywords: code, communication, Luhmann, cultural evolution, infra-reflexivity, language, languaging
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