ECJ Judges Read the Morning Papers. Explaining the Turnaround of European Citizenship Jurisprudence

41 Pages Posted: 22 Feb 2018

See all articles by Michael Blauberger

Michael Blauberger

University of Salzburg, Salzburg Centre of European Union Studies (SCEUS)

Anita Heindlmaier

University of Salzburg

Dion Kramer

VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Law

Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen

University of Copenhagen - Department of Political Science

Angelika Schenk

Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft

Jessica Sampson Thierry

University of Copenhagen - Department of Political Science

Benjamin Werner

University of Bremen - Institute for Intercultural and International Studies (INIIS)

Date Written: February 13, 2018

Abstract

Recent jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) marks a striking shift towards a more restrictive interpretation of EU citizens’ rights. The Court’s turnaround is not only highly relevant for practical debates about ‘Social Europe’ or ‘welfare migration’, but also enlightening from a more general, theoretical viewpoint. Several recent studies on the ECJ have argued that the Court is largely constrained by member state governments’ threats of legislative override and non-compliance. We show that an additional mechanism is necessary to explain the Court’s turnaround on citizenship. While the ECJ extended EU citizens’ rights even against strong opposition by member state governments, its recent shift reflects changes in the broader political context, i.e. the politicisation of free movement in the European Union (EU). The article theorizes Court responsiveness to politicisation and demonstrates empirically, how the Court’s jurisprudence corresponds with changing public debates about EU citizenship.

Keywords: EU Citizenship, European Court of Justice, Free Movement, Judicial independence, Judicial responsiveness, Politicization

Suggested Citation

Blauberger, Michael and Heindlmaier, Anita and Kramer, Dion and Martinsen, Dorte Sindbjerg and Schenk, Angelika and Thierry, Jessica Sampson and Werner, Benjamin, ECJ Judges Read the Morning Papers. Explaining the Turnaround of European Citizenship Jurisprudence (February 13, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3123003 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3123003

Michael Blauberger

University of Salzburg, Salzburg Centre of European Union Studies (SCEUS) ( email )

Mönchsberg 2
Salzburg, Salzburg 5020
Austria
+43-662-8044-7621 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.uni-salzburg.at/portal/page?_pageid=1625,1836014&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL

Anita Heindlmaier

University of Salzburg ( email )

Kapitelgasse 5-7
Salzburg, Salzburg 5020
Austria

Dion Kramer

VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Law ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam
Netherlands

Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen (Contact Author)

University of Copenhagen - Department of Political Science ( email )

Øster Farimagsgade 5
Copenhagen
Denmark
+45 3532 3426 (Phone)

Angelika Schenk

Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft ( email )

Abteilungen V/10
Stubenbastei 5
Vienna, 1010
Austria

Jessica Sampson Thierry

University of Copenhagen - Department of Political Science ( email )

Solbjerg Plads 3
Copenhagen, DK-2100
Denmark

Benjamin Werner

University of Bremen - Institute for Intercultural and International Studies (INIIS) ( email )

PO Box 33 04 40
Bremen, 28334
Germany

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