Investments in Information Security: A Real Options Perspective with Bayesian Postaudit
Journal of Management Information Systems, Winter 2008-9, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 337-375
40 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2018 Last revised: 27 Feb 2018
Date Written: February 14, 2018
The application of real options techniques to information security is significantly different than in the case of general information technology investments due to characteristics unique to information security. Emerging research in the economics of information security has suggested real options analysis (ROA) as a potential technique for assessing the value of information security assets, but has focused primarily on the most effective level of investment and the configuration of intrusion prevention/detection systems. In this paper, we attempt to address significant gaps in the literature by developing an integrated real options model for information security investments using Bayesian statistics that incorporates learning and post-auditing in the analysis. By using the proposed model with actual data on e‑mail and spam, we demonstrate that ROA with Bayesian post-auditing offers a systematic valuation and risk management framework for evaluating information security spending by firms. We also discuss the managerial implications.
Keywords: Bayesian revisions, conjugate prior distributions, economics
JEL Classification: M1, M15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation