The Impact of Loan Loss Provisioning on Bank Capital Requirements
46 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2018 Last revised: 2 Oct 2020
Date Written: February 16, 2018
This paper shows that the revised loan loss provisioning based on the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) implies a reduction of Tier 1 capital. The paper finds in a counterfactual analysis that these changes are more severe (i) during economic downturns, (ii) for credit portfolios of low quality, (iii) for banks that do not tighten capital standards during downturns, and (iv) under a more lenient definition of significant increase in credit risk (SICR) under IFRS. The provisioning rules further increase the procyclicality of bank capital requirements. Adjustments of the SICR threshold or capital buffers are suggested as ways to mitigate a regulatory pressure that may emerges due to the reduction of regulatory capital.
Keywords: GAAP 326, IFRS 9, lifetime expected loss, loan loss provisioning, regulatory capital
JEL Classification: C51, G28, M48
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation