Impact of Job Stress on Employee Performance

International Journal of Accounting and Business Management, 5(2), 13-33 (ONLINE)

21 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2018

See all articles by Sharmilee


Anglia Ruskin University

Abdul Basit

International University of Malaya-Wales

Zubair Hassan

International American University

Date Written: November 25, 2017


Purpose of this study is to analyses the impact of job stress on employee performance. A causal research design was adopted to carry out the data collection. For this purpose employees from various sectors were chosen. A questionnaire with 26 items with Likert Scale (1: Strongly Disagree to 5: Strongly Disagree) were developed and tested for its reliability and validity prior to the distribution of questionnaire via social media. 310 respondents were selected from various sectors in Malaysia using convenient sampling technique. The survey questionnaire was sent via Facebook inbox requesting to complete it. The questionnaire includes demographic information and statements to measure four (4) independent variables of time pressure, workload, lack of motivation, and role ambiguity to measure level of stress. The dependent variable is employee performance. Only 136 completed questionnaires were returned (usable sample). Regression analysis was carried out to examine the impact of stress on employee performance using SPSS21. We found that time pressure and role ambiguity have significant and negative influence on employee performance. The other two factors of workload and lack of motivation do not have any significant influence on employee performance. Therefore we concluded that increasing time pressure and role ambiguity would reduce employee performance in all aspects. Therefore it is important for managers to ensure role ambiguity is minimized and clear roles are given and communicated to the employees if they wish to enhance employee performance. Also managers and supervisors are strongly recommended to discuss the time allotment and task completion dates and duration of the task with their subordinates to avoid time pressure. This would possibly enhance employee performance. Future research should consider a larger sample from leading sectors where job natures are similar. Analysis should be more rigorous, where Amos could be used for structural Equation Modelling.

Keywords: Job Stress, Employee Performance, Time Pressure, Workload, Lack of Motivation and Role Ambiguity

JEL Classification: I, J, A, B, M

Suggested Citation

Sagadavin, Sharmilee and Basit, Abdul and Hassan, Zubair, Impact of Job Stress on Employee Performance (November 25, 2017). International Journal of Accounting and Business Management, 5(2), 13-33 (ONLINE), Available at SSRN:

Sharmilee Sagadavin

Anglia Ruskin University ( email )

East Road
Cambridge CB1 1PT
United Kingdom

Abdul Basit

International University of Malaya-Wales ( email )

Ground Floor, Block A, City Campus
Jalan Tun Ismail, KS Kuala Lumpur 50408
011-36848347 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://

Zubair Hassan (Contact Author)

International American University ( email )

3440 Wilshire Blvd STE 1000, Los Angeles, CA 90010
Faculty of Business Administration
Los Angels
United States

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