Quantifying Market Risk with Value-at-Risk or Expected Shortfall? - Consequences for Capital Requirements and Model Risk

Posted: 28 Feb 2018

See all articles by Ralf Kellner

Ralf Kellner

Saarland University

Daniel Roesch

University of Regensburg

Date Written: 2016

Abstract

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision recently proposed fundamental changes in the regulatory treatment of financial institutions' trading book positions. Among others, a replacement of Value-at-Risk (α=0.99) by Expected Shortfall (α=0.975) for the quantification of market risk is recommended. While this increases capital requirements for heavy tailed risks, its consequences for model risk related to the estimation process have not been explored. Hence, the aim of this paper is to analyze how both risk measures react to different sources of model risk in order to better understand the impact of the intended change in risk measures. Our results show that the Expected Shortfall (α=0.975) is more sensitive towards regulatory arbitrage and parameter misspecification. We find that this is based on a trade-off between a model's ability to better capture the heavy tailed behavior of risks and a higher vulnerability to model risk. These new aspects should be taken into account in the regulatory decision for Expected Shortfall (α=0.975).

Keywords: Model risk, Capital requirements, Value-at-Risk, Expected Shortfall

JEL Classification: C10, C53, G32

Suggested Citation

Kellner, Ralf and Roesch, Daniel, Quantifying Market Risk with Value-at-Risk or Expected Shortfall? - Consequences for Capital Requirements and Model Risk (2016). Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Vol. 68, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3126254

Ralf Kellner (Contact Author)

Saarland University ( email )

Stadtwald
Saarbrucken, Saarland D-66123
Germany

Daniel Roesch

University of Regensburg ( email )

Chair of Statistics and Risk Management
Faculty of Business, Economics and BIS
Regensburg, 93040
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www-risk.ur.de/

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