Efficiency and Equity in Schools Around the World

42 Pages Posted: 17 May 2002

See all articles by Eric A. Hanushek

Eric A. Hanushek

Stanford University - Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Javier A. Luque

Banco Central de Reserva del Peru

Date Written: May 2002

Abstract

Attention to the quality of human capital in different countries naturally leads to concerns about how school policies relate to student performance. The data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) provide a way of comparing performance in different schooling systems. The results of analyses of educational production functions within a range of developed and developing countries show general problems with the efficiency of resource usage similar to those found previously in the United States. These effects do not appear to be dictated by variations related to income level of the country or level of resources in the schools. Neither do they appear to be determined by school policies that involve compensatory application of resources. The conventional view that school resources are relatively more important in poor countries also fails to be supported.

Suggested Citation

Hanushek, Eric A. and Luque, Javier A., Efficiency and Equity in Schools Around the World (May 2002). NBER Working Paper No. w8949. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=312662

Eric A. Hanushek (Contact Author)

Stanford University - Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305-6010
United States
650-736-0942 (Phone)
650-723-1687 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Javier A. Luque

Banco Central de Reserva del Peru

Jirón Miroquesada 441
Lima, Lima 1
Peru

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