The Effect of Education on Mortality and Health: Evidence from a Schooling Expansion in Romania

55 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2018

See all articles by Ofer Malamud

Ofer Malamud

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Andreea Mitrut

University of Gothenburg

Cristian Pop-Eleches

Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA)

Date Written: February 2018

Abstract

This paper examines a schooling expansion in Romania which increased educational attainment for successive cohorts born between 1945 and 1950. We use a regression discontinuity design at the day level based on school entry cutoff dates to estimate impacts on mortality with 1994-2016 Vital Statistics data and self-reported health with 2011 Census data. We find that the schooling reform led to significant increases in years of schooling and changes in labor market outcomes but did not affect mortality or self-reported health. These estimates provide new evidence for the causal relationship between education and mortality outside of high-income countries and at lower margins of educational attainment.

Suggested Citation

Malamud, Ofer and Mitrut, Andreea and Pop-Eleches, Cristian (Kiki), The Effect of Education on Mortality and Health: Evidence from a Schooling Expansion in Romania (February 2018). NBER Working Paper No. w24341, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3127170

Ofer Malamud (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Andreea Mitrut

University of Gothenburg ( email )

Viktoriagatan 30
Göteborg, 405 30
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://www.hgu.gu.se/item.aspx?id=3081

Cristian (Kiki) Pop-Eleches

Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA) ( email )

420 West 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.columbia.edu/~cp2124

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