Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling in HRM Research

The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Forthcoming

Posted: 3 Mar 2018

See all articles by Christian M. Ringle

Christian M. Ringle

Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH)

Marko Sarstedt

Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg

Rebecca Mitchell

Independent

Siggi Gudergan

Newcastle Business School

Date Written: January 7, 2018

Abstract

Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) has become a key multivariate analysis technique that human resource management (HRM) researchers frequently use. While most disciplines undertake regular critical reflections on the use of important methods to ensure rigorous research and publication practices, the use of PLS-SEM in HRM has not been analyzed so far. To address this gap in HRM literature, this paper presents a critical review of PLS-SEM use in 77 HRM studies published over a 30-year period in leading journals. By contrasting the review results with state-of-the-art guidelines for use of the method, we identify several areas that offer room of improvement when applying PLS-SEM in HRM studies. Our findings offer important guidance for future use of the PLS-SEM method in HRM and related fields.

Keywords: Partial least squares, structural equation modeling, PLS-SEM, HRM, guidelines, review

Suggested Citation

Ringle, Christian M. and Sarstedt, Marko and Mitchell, Rebecca and Gudergan, Siggi, Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling in HRM Research (January 7, 2018). The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3128200

Christian M. Ringle (Contact Author)

Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) ( email )

Am Schwarzenberg-Campus 4
Hamburg, 21073
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.tuhh.de/hrmo

Marko Sarstedt

Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg ( email )

Universitätspl. 2
PSF 4120
Magdeburg, D-39106
Germany

Rebecca Mitchell

Independent ( email )

Siggi Gudergan

Newcastle Business School ( email )

City Campus East – 231
Newcastle-Upon-Tyne NE1 8ST, NE1 8ST
Australia

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