Eastern Enlargement of the EU: How Much is it Worth for Austria?
19 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2002
For present member countries, eastern EU enlargement entails gains from integration as well as fiscal costs. The authors use a calibrated model to quantify the dynamic effects of discriminatory trade liberalization and immigration from eastern applicants. It is found that enlargement is expansionary and yields a remarkable fiscal dividend. Surprisingly, integration compresses the wage spread between skilled and unskilled labor. Overall, the (dynamic) gains from integration clearly outweigh the fiscal cost, while ambiguous enlargement is found to hold a remarkable net welfare gain for Austria.
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