A Comparative Analysis of the Labour Market Performance of University‐Educated Immigrants in Australia, Canada, and the United States: Does Policy Matter?

44 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2018

See all articles by Andrew James Clarke

Andrew James Clarke

University of Melbourne

Ana M. Ferrer

University of Calgary - Department of Economics

Mikal Skuterud

Statistics Canada

Abstract

We examine data from Australia, Canada, and the U.S. to inform the potential for immigrant screening policies to influence the labour market performance of skilled immigrants. Our estimates point to improvements in employment rates and weekly earnings of male university‐educated immigrants in all three countries concomitant with skilled immigration policy reforms. Nonetheless, the gains are modest in comparison to a substantial and persistent performance advantage of U.S. skilled immigrants. Given that there is increasingly little to distinguish the skilled immigration policies of these countries, we interpret the U.S. advantage as primarily reflecting the relative positive selectivity of U.S. immigrants.

Keywords: skilled migration, immigrant selection policies, immigrant labour market performance

JEL Classification: J24, J15, J08

Suggested Citation

Clarke, Andrew James and Ferrer, Ana M. and Skuterud, Mikal, A Comparative Analysis of the Labour Market Performance of University‐Educated Immigrants in Australia, Canada, and the United States: Does Policy Matter?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11344. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3129288

Andrew James Clarke (Contact Author)

University of Melbourne ( email )

185 Pelham Street
Carlton, Victoria 3053
Australia

Ana M. Ferrer

University of Calgary - Department of Economics ( email )

Calgary, Alberta
Canada

Mikal Skuterud

Statistics Canada ( email )

Ottawa, Ontario
Canada

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