Venture Capital as an Innovation Ecosystem Engineer in an Emerging Market
International Business Review, Forthcoming
48 Pages Posted: 5 Mar 2018
Date Written: February 24, 2018
How can venture capital (VC) firms transform a weak innovation ecosystem into a productive and robust one? While the literature has found VC firms’ catalyst role in innovation in developed markets, we know little about whether and how they affect innovation in an emerging market, where formal institutions (e.g., regulations and markets) and informal institutions (e.g., professional networks) to enable VC firms’ catalyst role are relatively lacking. First, we argue that VC firms play a different and more proactive role in these markets as an “ecosystem engineer” through governing the resource flow and selecting deviation, which drive regional innovation performance. Second, such effects are further positively moderated by the presence of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in a region. Lastly, over time, while the direct effects of VC firms persist and increase, the moderating effects of MNE presence decline. Empirically, we examined a Chinese provincial-level panel data of VC activities (1999-2009) and patent applications (2000-2010) and found supportive evidence. Implications are discussed.
Keywords: Venture Capital; Innovation; Ecosystem; Co-Evolution; Emerging Market
JEL Classification: F23, L26, O3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation