Call the Midwife - Health Personnel and Mortality in Norway 1887-1921

39 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2018

See all articles by Andreas Kotsadam

Andreas Kotsadam

University of Oslo - Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research

Jo Thori Lind

University of Oslo - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Jørgen Modalsli

Statistics Norway

Date Written: January 23, 2018

Abstract

The Nordic countries have the lowest maternal and child mortality rates in the world. This has not always been the case. In 1887 the mortality rates in Norway were similar to those of developing countries today. During the next 34 years, Norwegian maternal mortality was halved and infant mortality fell by 40 percent. Investigating the relationship between health personnel and mortality at the local level during this period, we find a large and robust effect of midwives on reduced maternal mortality. No clear effect is found for other types of health personnel or on infant mortality.

Keywords: health policy, public service provision, history, mortality

JEL Classification: H410, I180, N330

Suggested Citation

Kotsadam, Andreas and Lind, Jo Thori and Modalsli, Jørgen, Call the Midwife - Health Personnel and Mortality in Norway 1887-1921 (January 23, 2018). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6831, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3129983

Andreas Kotsadam

University of Oslo - Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research ( email )

Gaustadalleen 21
N-0317 Oslo
Norway

Jo Thori Lind (Contact Author)

University of Oslo - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 1095 Blindern
N-0317 Oslo
Norway

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Jørgen Modalsli

Statistics Norway ( email )

N-0033 Oslo
Norway

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
59
Abstract Views
324
rank
403,783
PlumX Metrics