Law Enforcement and Security Agency Surveillance in Canada: The Growth of Digitally-Enabled Surveillance and Atrophy of Accountability
16 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2018
Date Written: February 26, 2018
This chapter begins with a discussion of real-time electronic surveillance that has historically been conducted in Canada and the importance of government accountability for how law enforcement and security agencies (LESAs) conduct surveillance, as well as why such accountability is essential to the stability of democratic governance. It then proceeds to examine how such surveillance has been transformed in an era of digitization, and how contemporary surveillance simultaneously enables state actors to massively intrude upon Canadians' charter rights. It specifically notes how the atrophy of accountability regimes raise serious concerns for the democratic legitimacy of government surveillance activities. The chapter concludes by briefly outlining how surveillance accountability regimes might be rehabilitated and what such habilitation would mean for rendering government bulk surveillance activities more accountable to legislative assemblies and citizens alike.
Keywords: Canada, Surveillance, Privacy, Law Enforcement, Security Services
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